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Progression in Art and Design

The primary curriculum is a ‘mastery curriculum’. This is based on the principle that all learners should, with effective teaching and learning opportunities, meet the expected standard by the end of key stage 2. Learners who obtain a greater level of understanding and are able to apply their learning across a range of different contexts have achieved mastery. 


Knowledge, technique, and skills take time to experience and master. In order to develop fluency, deepen their understanding and apply techniques, children are given opportunities to revisit and build upon previous learning experiences, skills and techniques.

  • Revisiting and recalling learning experiences improves the chances of children committing their learning to long-term memory.

  • Practising and refining techniques builds muscle-memory and leads to automaticity.


Progression charts are provided that demonstrate how knowledge, skills and techniques are developed and built upon as the curriculum is taught. Each unit of work is suitable for either Key Stage 1 (Years 1 & 2) Lower Key Stage 2 (Years 3 & 4) or Upper Key Stage 2 (Years 5 & 6)

Progression Charts

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